Read the policyEmployment positions at UNL have been evaluated and designed so that the duties are commensurate with the FTE. That is, a 1.00 FTE position provides tasks and responsibilities that will completely occupy a full-time employee while at work. Therefore, attendance at work must be reliable, predictable, regular, and prompt. Such attendance is essential to the performance of any UNL position.
Notwithstanding the leave benefits offered to UNL employees, unpredictable attendance, habitual tardiness, and absenteeism are considerations in the evaluation of performance and are cause for corrective action up to and including dismissal.
Unpredictable attendance is particularly detrimental to planning and organizational efficiency and employee morale. As such, employees must notify supervisors of requested leave as promptly as possible.
Nothing in this policy shall be construed to prevail over requirements of state and federal law.
Employees must follow established work schedules. The usual work schedule is 40 hours per week, Monday through Friday. Normal work hours at the university are 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. An employee will be informed of work schedules by the immediate supervisor.
Read the policyEmployees must follow established work schedules. The usual work schedule is 40 hours per week, Monday through Friday. Normal work hours at the university are 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m, which begins at 11:01 p.m. Thursday and continues through 11:00 p.m. the following Thursday. An employee will be informed of work schedules by the immediate supervisor.
Lunch Break − Work schedules for hourly paid staff normally include an unpaid lunch break of at least 30 minutes.
Rest Period − Work schedules provide for one paid 15-minute rest period for each consecutive four hours worked. At departmental discretion other employees may receive rest breaks.
If conditions warrant, employees may be asked to work through the normally scheduled rest period. At such times employee cooperation is expected. An employee who believes the department is abusing the rest period policy should contact Human Resources.
NOTE: Rest periods are an employment privilege. Rest periods may not be "saved" to shorten the employee's workday, to extend lunch breaks, or to alter the work schedule in any way. Rest periods not taken will be forfeited. Abuse of rest periods may result in loss of the privilege.
Alternative Work Arrangements / Flextime Scheduling
About...Departments may institute a schedule of flexible working hours for office/service and managerial/professional employees, provided it does not increase staffing costs or decrease departmental efficiency. Flextime scheduling allows employees to maintain a work schedule other than normal university hours while balancing work/home and wellness activities. Regardless of flextime scheduling, all offices should be sufficiently staffed to maintain regular operations during normal university hours described above.
Flexible scheduling for hourly paid employees can incorporate varying times for arrival, lunch and departure time, or a four day work week of ten hours worked per day
Because the university is committed to wellness for its employees, departments are encouraged to use flexible scheduling, for example allowing a longer lunch break with an adjustment of arrival and/or departure time to remain at the same FTE to facilitate employees' ability to engage in wellness activities when it is possible to do so without decreasing work efficiency.
Full-time regular employees are scheduled to work 40 hours per work week and must be paid for actual hours worked. Units should consider whether the flexible schedule will cause the hourly paid employee to work more than 40 hours in one work week, thus incurring eligibility for overtime compensation or earning compensatory time off. Full-time hourly paid employees, whether on flextime or other scheduling, are required to take an unpaid lunch break of at least 30 minutes.
When monthly paid salaried exempt employees are frequently expected to work significantly more than 40 hours in a work week, departments are encouraged to offer them flexibility in arranging work schedules. Salaried exempt employees will not be given time off in trade for hours worked on an "hour-for-hour basis" when considering flexibility.
Flextime schedules must be approved by the immediate supervisor and by an administrator one level above the supervisor. Departments are encouraged to work with employees to approve needs for flextime when it is possible to do so without decreasing work efficiency.
Adequate supervision must be provided for employees on flextime. However, this does not require that supervisors be present during all hours worked by employees. Supervision can be exercised by measuring productivity.
Occasions may arise when flextime must be suspended temporarily because of departmental work load, vacations, or other reasons. When this occurs, the department should give employees as much advance notice as possible.
Abuse of flextime scheduling may result in loss of the privilege.
Tips to implementing an alternative work arrangement/flexible scheduling for supervisors:
Alternative Work Sites
Read more about Alternative Work Sites
The university and the UNL campus support a flexible workplace including opportunities to work remotely at an alternative worksite. See the alternative work sites page for more information.
Compensable Work Time for Hourly Paid Employees
Read the policyThe university policy directs that hourly paid full-time employees will normally work and be paid for 40 hours during the workweek., which begins at 11:01 p.m. Thursday and continues through 11:00 p.m. the following Thursday.
The following is given for clarification and guidance in administering this policy for hourly paid employees:
- Managers are responsible for arranging work schedules, and employees may be required to work at times different from the regularly scheduled workday.
- The unpaid lunch period is not considered as time worked. It may occasionally be necessary for an employee to attend to duties while eating the meal. If an employee is not given an uninterrupted break of at least 30 minutes, the meal period is paid. (Example: For a receptionist required or permitted to eat at the desk to answer the telephone, the meal break shall be paid.)
- The university gives employees one paid 15-minute rest period for each four consecutive hours worked. At departmental discretion other employees may receive rest breaks. These periods are considered as time worked. There is no compensation for rest periods not taken.
- Attendance at meetings of Academic Senate, UAAD, or UNOPA held during the lunch hour is not considered as time worked. If the meeting extends beyond the time normally allotted for the lunch period, the employee should use normal departmental procedures to request time away from work. Time granted in such circumstances is administrative leave.
- Service on university committees performed at the request of the chancellor or other administrative personnel is considered as time worked.
- Time spent at the work site changing clothes is considered as time worked, if the change of clothes is required by the nature of the job.
- Time spent in oiling, cleaning, or otherwise preparing tools or machines for use (either before or after normal working hours) is considered time worked, if these activities are necessary to the employee's principal responsibilities.
When a department approves an employee's voluntary attendance at a work-related workshop or seminar, the time spent in attendance and travel during normal working hours is considered administrative leave. Time extending beyond regularly scheduled working hours is not considered as compensable time.
Time spent in attendance and travel for required workshops is considered as time worked, when time is confined to one day.
- When employees travel overnight for a required activity, travel time during the employee's usual working hours, both for workdays and non-workdays (e.g., Saturdays, Sundays, or holidays), is considered as time worked. Travel time as a passenger outside normal working hours is not compensable, but for an employee who is required to drive, the entire travel time is considered as time worked.
Overtime for Hourly Paid Employees
Read the policyAll hourly paid employees (including part-time employees) working more than 40 hours in one workweek, shall receive overtime compensation. This may be in the form of overtime pay or compensatory time, both granted at one and one-half hours for every hour worked above 40.
University of Nebraska law enforcement employees may be compensated for overtime for working over 80 hours in a 14 consecutive day work period. In accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act, law enforcement employees are those employees who: (1) are empowered by State statute or local ordinance to enforce laws designed to maintain public peace and order and to protect both life and property from accidental or willful injury, and to prevent and detect crimes; (2) have the power to arrest; and (3) are presently undergoing or have undergone or will undergo on-the-job training and/or a course of instruction and study which typically includes physical training, self-defense, firearm proficiency, criminal and civil law principles, investigative and law enforcement techniques, community relations, medical aid, and ethics.
NOTE: For an employee hired after April 1, 1986, the giving of compensatory time in lieu of overtime pay requires a written agreement. If no written agreement exists, payment will be required for all overtime worked. This may be a perpetual one-time agreement or a case-by-case agreement.
For employees hired before April 1, 1986, no written agreement is required. Employees who work overtime may receive pay or compensatory time at the discretion of the department.
Overtime EligibilityEmployees not specifically exempt from the overtime provisions of the FLSA are considered non-exempt (hourly) employees by the university and are eligible for overtime compensation. Employees should not be scheduled for overtime work without the appropriate departmental authorization.
Employees exempt from the overtime provision of the FLSA (monthly paid) are not eligible to receive overtime payment. Acceptance of an exempt position at the university constitutes acknowledgement that job responsibilities may sometimes exceed 40 hours a week.
When monthly paid salary exempt employees are frequently expected to work significantly more than 40 hours in a workweek, departments are encouraged to offer them greater flexibility in arranging schedules. Salaried exempt employees will not be given time off in trade for hours worked on an "hour-for-hour basis" when considering flexibility.
Calculating Pay and Overtime for Hourly EmployeesIn calculating overtime pay, only hours worked are included.
Friday - Employee works eight hours
Monday - Employee works eight hours
Tuesday - Employee works eight hours
Wednesday - Employee works ten hours
Thursday - Employee works eight hours
In this event the employee will receive pay at the regular rate for 40 hours and overtime pay at one and one-half times the regular rate for 2 hours. (2 hours x 1.5 times regular pay rate)
If leave is used during a workweek where extra hours are worked, the employee will receive pay for the hours worked and the leave.
Friday - Employee works eight hours
Monday - Employee works eight hours
Tuesday - Employee uses eight hours annual leave
Wednesday - Employee works ten hours
Thursday - Employee works eight hours
In this event the employee will receive pay at the regular rate for 42 hours and will have eight hours deducted from accrued vacation leave.
Upon agreement of the supervisor and the employee, the employee in the above example may receive pay at the regular rate for 40 hours and have six hours deducted from accrued vacation leave.
Additional Part-time Positions for Hourly Paid Employees
University employees may choose to work for the University (or for the State of Nebraska) in a part-time position on an occasional or sporadic basis in a capacity different from their regular employment. In some circumstances, the hours of work in the different position might not be counted as hours worked for overtime pay purposes on the regular position. Supervisors should check with Human Resources prior to authorizing the part-time work to see if overtime pay will be required.
Compensatory Time for Hourly Paid EmployeesAt discretion of the unit, hourly paid employees may be allowed to earn compensatory time at a rate of one and one half for every hour worked above 40 in a work week. Employees can use accumulated time as pay for approved absences in the future.
Employees must have a signed compensatory time agreement on file in order to earn compensatory time rather than be paid overtime. Student employees and "other hourly workers" are not eligible to earn compensatory time.
At any time, an employee may choose to be paid overtime rather than earn compensatory time. At any time, units may choose to pay overtime and not allow employees to earn compensatory time. Units cannot require an employee to accumulate compensatory time instead of being paid overtime. Units may offer an opportunity to work extra hours to employees who are willing to earn compensatory time rather than be paid overtime.
Employees may not accumulate more than 60 hours of compensatory time and they should be paid for any hours in excess of that total. (Note: 40 hours of overtime worked converts to 60 hours of compensatory time.)
Exceptions to the 60-hour limit are as follows:
- Employees in agriculture may accumulate 240 hours.
- Employees in public safety and seasonal work (for example, snow removal) may accumulate 120 hours.
Compensatory time earned and used is to be recorded in ESS Time or a third party timekeeping system using the following earnings types:
- CME - Compensatory Time Earned
(record hours worked; system will calculate compensatory time earned)
- CMU - Compensatory Time Used
Units can run a leave report that includes compensatory time earned from the Business Intelligence tile in Firefly.
Accumulated compensatory time must be used or paid out before the effective date of a leave of absence without pay except when an employee is on family/medical leave.
Accumulated compensatory time must be used or paid out prior to the effective date of a promotional salary increase and/or prior to a transfer to another department.
Accumulated compensatory time may be carried over to the next fiscal year.
Employees who leave employment with \the university are entitled to payment for all unused compensatory time at a rate of pay not less than the average regular rate received during the last three years of employment or the final regular rate received by the employee, whichever is higher.
Employees and departments should work together to arrange for the use of compensatory time when it will not be unduly disruptive to the work of the department.
Shift Differential for Hourly Paid Employees
Read the policyThe purpose of paying a shift differential is to increase the rate of pay for hiring and retention purposes of positions that require employees to consistently and routinely perform their duties on the evening or night shifts. This differential is intended to provide additional compensation for working during a generally less desirable time period. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s normal business hours are 8:00 am to 5:00 pm.
Hourly paid employees (excluding student employees) are eligible for shift differential. Temporary and on-call employees may be eligible. The unit leader determines whether or not shift differential will be used. Application of shift differential must be consistent within the university unit and exist in written unit policy approved by Human Resources.
A shift differential of up to ten percent (10%) of base hourly rate may be paid. Employees assigned to consistently work shift differential qualifying hours may be designated as “Shift Workers.” Shift Workers may be paid shift differential during normal business hours if a temporary change in worked hours was made to meet the needs of the University.
Hours worked outside of the normal work schedule (callback, extension of the work shift or for planned or unplanned events) may not be eligible for shift differential.
For employees receiving shift differential, any applicable overtime pay shall be paid based on the shift differential rate.
Shift differential is paid only for hours worked and is not paid to employees on leave, except for Inclement Weather leave.